Structured cabling is building or telecommunications cabling infrastructure that consists of a number of standardized smaller elements called subsystems.
There are 6 subsystems that comprise the total of a structured cabling installation:
Entrance Facilities - The point where the telephone company network ends and connects with the on-premises wiring at the customer premises.
Equipment Rooms - These rooms house equipment and wiring consolidation points that serve the users inside the building or campus.
Backbone Cabling - This cabling connects between the equipment & telecommunications rooms.
Horizontal Cabling - This wiring can be IW (inside wiring) or plenum cabling and connects telecommunications rooms to individual outlets or work areas on the floor, usually through the wireways, conduits or ceiling spaces of each floor.
Telecommunications Rooms or Enclosures - These connect between the backbone cabling and horizontal cabling.
Work-Area Components - These connect end-user equipment to outlets of the horizontal cabling.
Structured cabling design and installation is governed by a set of standards that define how to lay the cabling in various topologies in order to meet the needs of the customer, typically using a central patch panel (which is normally 19 inch rack-mounted), from where each modular connection can be used as needed.
Structured cabling projects can range in size. However, for a system to grow with a business, careful design and planning be undertaken, starting with a thorough needs analysis.
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